It is the desire of every individual to stay fit and healthy. People work for this purpose, sport and exercise. It is normal to Sudden Weight Loss by exercising or following a healthy diet, but losing weight without doing so is a concern. A sudden loss of weight in a short time may indicate an underlying health problem and you should see a doctor immediately.
The National Institutes of Health recommend that you see a doctor if you experience weight loss in excess of 5% of normal body weight in 6-12 months or less and there is no reason to explain this. Various health problems such as Addison’s disease, celiac disease, crohn’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, depression, cancer, diabetes, eating disorders, HIV / AIDS, hypercalcemia, hyperthyroidism, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis may cause loss.
Causes Under Sudden Weight Loss:
-Addison’s Disease: This condition is also known as chronic adrenal insufficiency. This disorder occurs when hormones secreted by the adrenal glands, such as aldosterone and cortisol, are produced in inadequate amounts. If neglected, life can become threatening. Sudden weight loss is one of the symptoms of Addison’s disease.
– Cancer: Sudden weight loss is a common manifestation in individuals with cancer. Because cancer cells in the tumor accelerate metabolism, the body burns faster, causing sudden weight loss. Some people who experience cancer treatment may also experience unexplained weight loss.
-Celiac Disease: In this digestive problem the surface of the small intestine is damaged due to a reaction to gluten. This is characterized by an inadequate absorption of some nutrients. Weight loss and other complications affecting the liver, brain, peripheral nervous system and kidneys are caused by the problem of absorption of nutrients.
– Chronic diarrhea : A viral infection called gastroenteritis caused by a virus taken by an incorrect food intake causes diarrhea. This is a question that almost everyone has experienced at some point in his life. Although this type of diarrhea can be treated with antibiotics, people who have had this problem for more than 4 weeks are considered to be suffering from chronic diarrhea. If a chronic diarrhea lasts longer than 4 weeks, weight loss is inevitable.
Crohn’s disease Crohn’s disease is a rare disease that affects different areas of the digestive system due to inflammation of the membrane at the surface of the glomerular system. This abdominal pain leads to severe diarrhea and in some cases insufficient absorption. Life can be threatening if it is not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. Crohn’s disease is a painful and debilitating disease.
Dementia : Dementia is not exactly a disease. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. Decreased brain function causes memory loss, speech disorders and confusion. Weight loss due to dementia is rare but not unheard of. In some serious cases, patients may lose weight by forgetting that they have not eaten.
-Depression: The mood state to character with constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest is known as depression. The most common symptom of depression is weight loss due to loss of appetite, but in some cases excessive appetite increases.
Diabetes : Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. The most common indication is excessive thirst and unexplained weight loss. The reason is that excess sugar can not be absorbed by the kidneys, and this surplus goes through. Every time the candy is sick, the patient feels thirsty and tries to drink it by drinking water, soda and coffee. In contrast, sugar levels increase again and this continues as a cycle. This cycle is the cause of weight loss in diabetics.
-Food disorders: Anorexia nervosa called eating disorder is how much you eat and how many kilograms are obsolete. Often, people with anorexia nervosa will starve themselves for too long or exercise excessively. On the other hand bulimia nervosa restricts patients’ cravings by vomiting, taking laxatives and diuretics and exercising in excessive amounts. These eating disorders, which are very common among young girls, should be treated immediately without becoming life-threatening. People often do this to be able to cope with emotional problems.
-HIV / AIDS: The life-threatening situation caused by HIV is known as AIDS. It damages the HIV immune system and prevents the body from resistance to diseases and infections. There are many diseases that accompany HIV and cause sudden weight loss. These; tuberculosis, salmonella, cytomegalovirus, candidiasis, toxoplasmosis, cancer and kidney diseases.
Hyperthyroidism: Overproduction of the
thyroxine hormone by the thyroid gland is known as hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid. Sudden weight loss causes rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating and nervousness. Their reason is that excess thyroxine hormone release accelerates metabolism.
-Peptic ulcer: An open wound on the inner surface of the small intestine, the food tube and the upper part of the midge is called a peptic ulcer. It is caused by long-term consumption of certain medicines or bacterial infections. The most common symptoms of peptic ulcer are blood vomiting, unexpected weight loss, appetite changes, and dark color blood stool.
Weight loss is quite normal after an illness or in situations such as stress, mourning, job change, divorce. If unexpected weight loss is not caused by one of these conditions, it should not be neglected and a doctor should be seen.